Saturday, 28 February 2015

Seodaemun Prison History Museum (서대문형무소역사관)

Came back from Suwon, we directly took Seoul Subway Line 3 to Dongnimmun Station. (Vera Lee)
Seodaemun Independence Park is outside Dongnimmun Station. (Vera Lee)
Then we followed the crowd to Seodaemun Prison History Hall. (Vera Lee)
 I got this Korean Flag Taedukgi from Suwon Hwaseong Museum. (Vera Lee)
Seodaemun prison was built in 1908, is a symbol of Japanese cruelty and oppression
 during their colonial rule of Korea from 1910 until 1945. (Vera Lee)
 In 1992, the site was dedicated as the Seodaemun Prison History Hall, 
part of Independence Park. Seven of the prison complex's original 
 fifteen buildings are preserved as historical monuments. (Vera Lee)
 Seodaemun Prison History Hall was built in remembrance of Seodaemun Prison, 
and to salute the Korean patriots. 

The main hall has three floors of exhibitions:
~ 1st floor - “A Place of Reverence,” 
   you can learn about Seodaemun Prison via the graphic systems. (Vera Lee)
Video footage about Seodaemun and the transition periods in its history. 

~ 2nd floor - “A Place of History,” 
   to view the “National Resistance Room,” “Prison History Room” and the “In Prison Life Room.” 
   This floor shows examples how the people fought through this dark chapter in history continuing 
   to hold on to their hope and resolve for freedom. 
~ 3rd floor - “A Place of Experience” 
   the most horrifying and dreadful place in the prison. In the “Temporary Detention Room” and 
   “Torture Room” you will see recreated torture scenes that are frighteningly realistic. (Vera Lee) 
Me inside one of the empty cells.

Visitors can look around and go inside the original prison cell blocks where the independence fighters were held. Built to house 500 prisoners, up to 3500 were packed inside during the height of the anti-Japanese protests in 1919. (source)

The place was crowded that we need to queue to go in
 and couldn't stop to long in order for people to walk. (Vera Lee)
Therefore, we didn't take a lot of photos. It's also sad and disturbing 
to see re-creations of bloody mannequins and brutal torture scenes. (Vera Lee)
One of the martyrs on memorial board inside the prison wall. (Vera Lee)
 Stopped by here to offer flower and pay respect to all the patriots.
We didn't enter to another building because of the long queue. (Vera Lee)
People can write a note or wish on white paper and hang it on these ropes. (Vera Lee)
Gyeokbyeokjang - some sort of Exercise Facilities with several partition walls 
to prevent prisoners having conversations with each others. It's built in 1920
and dismantled after liberation and restored to its original shape in 2011. (Vera Lee)
 The Square Pond - originally inside a lacquer ware factory where prisoners worked here
 during Japanese colonial. After liberation, the pond was used for laundry. (Vera Lee)
Do you know what are those holes for?

They're Excrement holes in Solitary Confinement. These hole were at the corner of the floor where urine and stool were discharged. A drainage outlet of feces still remains at the outer side of jails. (Vera Lee)
Two jumbo size Taegukgi were hanging on the prison walls. (Vera Lee)
 There were some performances by children at
Seodaemun courtyard.

We also saw a lot of adults in their hanboks taking group photos... I guess after their performance? There were stalls selling foods, there were some free and paid activities for children on March 1st Movement (Samil / Manse) Day. (Vera Lee)
251, Tongil-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, Korea
서울특별시 서대문구 통일로 251 (현저동)

Though we didn't see foreigner here, but I recommend it as it's a meaningful and educational place to learn history of Korea during Japanese occupation. (Vera Lee)
 Sorry I've to stop here and continue Dongnimmun
Independence Gate few days later as my eyes
already in sleep mood and will auto shut down soon.

March 1st Movement at Tapgol Park

Oh dear~! Time flies!!! Actually I decided to complete my last year trip before Chinese New Year. Now I'd to skip posting about Unhyeongung and other places we visited on 28 February 2014. It's because I suddenly saw my Korean friend's posting Korean Toast in Cafe with Taegukgi at the background. Then I just remember that February has only 28 days! So, tomorrow is March 1st Movement in Korea.

Last year, exactly this date, we saw Korean flags (태극기 = Taegeukgi) were raised everywhere on our way from Nambu Bus Terminal to Center Mark Hotel.

We called 1330 through Skype to clear of our curiosity.The officer told us that it's because Korean Independence Day! So, I checked with her whether any places that we can attend the ceremony. She then checked and told us Seodaemun and...? I quickly said thank you as the taxi driver couldn't find Center Mark Hotel and my hubby didn't understand what he's saying...

That night when we went to Myeongdong, we saw KTO counter and went there to get more information. Since it's one day ceremony, we stick to our itinerary to go to Suwon in the morning then visit Seodaemun after that.

Coincidentally, we walked passed Tapgol Park on our way from Unhyeongung Palace. This park is another important spot, as it witnessed a great historical value and national spirit of Independence Protest on March 1, 1919. (Vera Lee)
The banner stated something related to March 1st Movement.
The event should be started at 14:00 pm. (Vera Lee)
 Tapgol Park is historically important as the site of the origin of the March 1st Movement 1919, 
an important part of the Korean independence movement as the first location for the 
reading of the Proclamation of Independence. There are a number of bas-relief statues 
representing Korean patriots, the Proclamation of Independence Monument, 
and a poem by Han Yong-un. (Vera Lee)
 This park was once a site of Wongaksa (Buddhist Temple). The word tap means "pagoda", 
and the park gets its name from the Wongaksa Pagoda, a 10 storied stone pagoda 
(National Treasure No.2) located in the park. (Vera Lee)
Add: 99, Jong-ro, Jongno-gu, Seou, Korea
서울특별시 종로구 종로 99 (종로2가)
Jongno 3(sam)-ga Station (Subway Line 1, 3, 5), (Vera Lee)
 "Viva, Independent Korea~!"

It's 8:25pm... hopefully I can post Seodaemun Independence Gate by tonight, as tomorrow we'll going to Johor Bahru early in the morning and will be back late in the evening.

Thursday, 26 February 2015

Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress

Unhyeongung - Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress | by Meheartseoul
We supposed to come back in the evening from Muju. We didn't have any plans after lunch, so we decided to find a nearby attraction around the hotel. From the map it seems like Unhyeongung is walkable from Center Mark Hotel. But, we decided to take the subway from Jonggak to Anguk Station.

Check out this video if you want to know how to purchase a Subway Ticket...

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
Arrived in Anguk Station, looked high and low... 
walked here and there  to search for the Palace.

We didn't see anything that look like Palace although the map clearly stated it's here. Do you know why we couldn't find it?

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
 Because we're expecting it to look like Gyeongbokgung or Changdeokgung.
Unhyeonggung is also a Palace (Gung = Palace).

We gave up and asked someone for help! And he answered...

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
"Uh huh?! 네, 여기다! Yes, You're here!!"
Aigoo~ really 'lose my face' I was so embarrassed leh!

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
Entrance Fee: 700 Won / Adult.
The palace will offer free admission starting on March 20, 2014 
in accordance with the Seoul Metropolitan Government’s 
partial revision of the Local Cultural Heritage Protection Act.
Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress | 
The counter staff asked whether we wanted to rent a Hanbok costume.
It costs 3,300 Won for 15 minutes.

 Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |   Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
이모 (Imo) bought us to the room behind this tree and she selected 
this Hanbok for me based on my size.

I didn't dare to ask her whether I can choose the other Hanbok dress though this Hanbok seems too girlish / princess for me because Imo's face looked quite fierce.

I didn't take off my turtle neck blouse, because Imo said it's cold outside. Then she helped me to wear the Hanbok. She kept complimenting my look, my height and said that I looked like a Korean. Without much face expression she mumbled yeppeuda yeppeuda after I wore it. I kept saying thank you...

Then suddenly her face became more serious and complained that my husband is a bit too fat! I just couldn't stop laughing... LOL!

She asked me to tie my hair and she lent me a hair rubber band. Maybe she didn't like my curly lion hair. After that she reminded us that we had 15 minutes to return the hanbok there.

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress | 
This Hanbok is called Dangui (당의). It's also called dang-jeogori (당저고리), 
dang-jeoksam (당적삼), or dang-hansam (당한삼).

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
Dangui is a type of upper garment traditional hanbok for women, which was worn 
as simple official outfit for ceremonial occasions during the Joseon Dynasty. 

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
 It's also known as Royal Court garment, as court ladies wore it as their daily dresses.

한복촬영,한복 야외촬영 (Vera Lee)
The characteristics of Dangui is to emphasize the beauty of Hanbok’s curvy lines. 

 The form of Dangui is similar to that of Jeogori, the length of 
both the front and back is triple to that of Jeogori. 

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
 Sleeves of Dangui are narrow. The side seams are open to 
the armpit, and the hem is curved.

   Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |   Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
Court matron (Sanggung) or Lady-in-waiting (Gungnyeo) usually wear Dangui  
just like the Queens or Princesses, but with no Geumbak or gold patterns. 
Sanggung usually wears a dark shade of jade Dangui.

 Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress | 
 Geumbak is a traditional Korean craft for applying extremely 
thin gold leaf on hanbok or other fabrics for decoration.

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress | 
  The Queen Mother, Queen Consort and Crown Princess wore Dangui 
with attached ‘Hyungbae' (흉배 = Mandarin Square) placed on the 
chest,  shoulders and the back of the robe. However, Dangui for 
Concubines and Court Ladies don't have Hyungbae on it.

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
During the early Joseon Dynasty, the robe color was the only reflection 
to one’s rank inside the government: Red (1st senior to 3rd senior rank), 
Blue (3rd junior to 6th junior rank), and Green (7th junior to 9th junior rank).

 Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
but soon they begun to adapt Hyungbae from the dynasties in China.   

The rank badge, or Hyungbae is made up of embroidered cloud patterns and animals. Cranes for the civil officers and hopyo, a Tiger-Leopard mythical animal for military officers. Hyungbae with two animals are for 1st to 3rd rank and those with single animal are for the 4th to 9th rank. (source)

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
A queen’s clothing carried the phoenix symbol. Princesses and 
Royal Concubines’ clothes decorated with floral pattern.

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
For the ultimate sign of luxury, only royalty were allowed to wear 
gold-colored clothing or gold-colored trimming, 
whereas non-royalty wore plain dangui.
Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
 15 minutes over... Run~!!!

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
That's also one of the reasons why I love Hanbok.
No problem even you run or climb big steps with it ^^

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
Although Imo's face quite fierce, but she's very kind.
She asked us to take more photos here when we
entered the room...

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
She even offered to snap photos for us...
I love this photo so much!

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
 Then asked us to take more photos outside...

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
 and told me to pose like this...

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
 and volunteered herself to be our photographer ^^

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
  So, besides of about 15 photos of myself in Dangui 
around Unhyeongung Palace...

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |

We have additional these lovely and cute couple photos~^^

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |
 Thank you so much Imo for these beautiful and memorable photos! ^^

Unhyeongung Dangui (당의) Royal Court Hanbok Dress |